The U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) today announced that Indonesia complies with International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) safety standards and has been granted a Category 1 rating.
The FAA first assessed Indonesia’s civil aviation authority in September 1997 and found it in compliance with ICAO standards and then lowered the rating from Category 1 to Category 2 in April 2007. While under a Category 2 rating, the country either lacked laws or regulations necessary to oversee air carriers in accordance with minimum international standards, or its civil aviation authority – a body equivalent to the FAA for aviation safety matters – was deficient in one or more areas, such as technical expertise, trained personnel, record-keeping, or inspection procedures.
The Category 1 status announced on August 15, 2016 is based on a March 2016 FAA assessment of the safety oversight provided by Indonesia’s Directorate General of Civil Aviation. A Category 1 rating means the country’s civil aviation authority complies with ICAO standards. With the International Aviation Safety Assessment (IASA) Category 1 rating, Indonesian air carriers that are able to secure the requisite FAA and DOT authority, can establish service to the United States and carry the code of U.S. carriers.
At the same time the EU is not yet fully satisfied with the level of safety oversight in Indonesia. Following an initial ban of all Indonesian carriers to fly to the EU in July 2007, airlines that have shown to be able to operate safely were taken off the list in recent years. The bans for a.o. Garuda, Lion Air Indonesia AirAsia and Batik Air have been lifted.
An ICAO audit of Indonesia in 2016 though, showed the level of implementation of ICAO standards that was still below the world average.