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GE235 background: list of wrong engine shut down accidents and ATR-72 engine shut down incidents
7 February 2015

Preliminary information released by the Aviation Safety Council of Taiwan on the February 4 accident involving an ATR-72 would suggest that there was a master warning in the cockpit associated with the right engine (nr.2). Subsequently the throttle of the left engine (nr.1) was brought back to idle, after which the nr. 1 condition lever was set to the fuel shutoff position resulting in left engine shutdown.

The Aviation Safety Network compiled a list of 17 airliner and military transport accidents in which the flight crew shut down the wrong, working, engine following engine problems. The most recent occurrence was a Jetstream 41 aircraft that crashed in 2009 during a training flight near Durban Airport in South Africa.

To illustrate the different situations in which an engine shut down can occur, the Aviation Safety Network also compiled a list of ATR-72-500 and -600 (all equipped with PW127 engines) incidents that the application of emergency procedures following real or perceived engine problems. This list cannot be considered complete, nor does it say anything about the safety of the ATR-72 airplane or PW127 engines.

 

List of accidents in which the flight crew shut down the wrong engine following engine problems:

date type registration operator fatal location
14-JAN-1946 Douglas Dakota (DC-3) KK154 RAF 0 near Blakehill Farm
22-FEB-1946 Douglas Dakota (DC-3) KK208 RAF 0 near Yangon Airport
16-MAY-1946 Douglas DC-3 NC53218 Viking Air Transport 27 near Richmond Airport
01-FEB-1947 Douglas Dakota (DC-3) KJ971 RAF 0 Middle Aston
27-JAN-1949 Douglas DC-3 NC17713 United Air Lines 0 Alameda, CA
12-JUL-1951 Vickers Valetta VW194 RAF 10 near RAF Lyneham
11-JUL-1955 Vickers Varsity WJ904 RAF 0 near Thorney Island
04-NOV-1957 Douglas DC-3 VH-EWF East West Airlines 0 near Sydney, NSW
23-DEC-1984 Tupolev 154B-2 CCCP-85338 Aeroflot / Krasnoyarsk 110 Krasnoyarsk
08-JAN-1989 Boeing 737-4Y0 G-OBME BMA 47 Kegworth
18-APR-1991 Dornier 228-212 F-OHAB Air Tahiti 10 near Nuku Hiva
22-APR-1992 DHC-6 Twin Otter 200 N141PV Perris Valley Aviation 16 near Perris Valley, CA
19-JUL-1995 Douglas DC-3 N54NA private 1 near Independence…
05-DEC-1995 Tupolev 134B-3 4K-65703 Azerbaijan Airlines 52 near Nakhichevan
29-AUG-2001 CASA CN-235 EC-FBC Binter Méditerraneo 4 Málaga Airport
24-SEP-2009 BAe Jetstream 41 ZS-NRM SA Airlink 1 near Durban Airport
04-FEB-2015 ATR 72-600 B-22816 TransAsia Airways 35 Taipei

 

Selection of ATR-72 (PW127 engine) in-flight engine shut down incidents:

date type registration operator location
26-DEC-2008 ATR-72-500 Mount Cook Airlines Wellington
10-JAN-2010 ATR-72-500 PP-PTO TRIP Foz do Iguaçu
8-AUG-2011 ATR-72-500 PK-WFG Wings Abadi Airlines Medan
13-SEP-2011 ATR-72-500 OY-CIM Cimber Copenhagen
3-OCT-2011 ATR-72-500 I-ADCC Air Dolomiti Firenze
2-MAY-2012 ATR-72-500 B-22810 TransAsia Airways Taipei
12-JAN-2013 ATR-72-500 F-OIQN Air Tahiti Papeete
24-JUN-2013 ATR-72-500 EC-KKQ wiftair, opf Air Europa Madrid
10-SEP-2013 ATR-72-500 PP-PTQ TRIP João Pessoa
2-OCT-2013 ATR-72-500 OK-YFT CSA Czech Airlines Budapest
26-MAR-2014 ATR-72-600 9M-LMH Malindo Air Kuala Lumpur
29-SEP-2014 ATR-72-500 EI-REM Flybe, opb Stobart Air Münster
27-NOV-2014 ATR-72-500 D4-CBT TACV São Vicente
30-NOV-2014 ATR-72-500 SE-MDB Braathens Regional opf Gotlandsflyg Visby