The Office of the Auditor General of Canada reports that there are weaknesses in the surveillance of aviation companies by Transport Canada.
A performance audit was conducted by the Office of the Auditor General of Canada oversight of civil aviation by Transport Canada. It was concluded that Transport Canada has put in place a regulatory framework for civil aviation safety that is consistent with international standards.
Like many other national regulators, Transport Canada has moved to an approach that puts the onus on large aviation companies to develop safety management systems in accordance with regulations, while the Department oversees their compliance.
The audit found that while some aspects of surveillance are working well, there are weaknesses in how Transport Canada plans, conducts, and reports on its surveillance activities. For example, in 2010–11, only about two thirds of planned inspections were completed, since only the higher-risk companies and operations are selected for inspection in any given year. Most inspections did not fully comply with established methodology, and were subject to little management oversight.